Unloading (R)


The Rifle Drills course is an on-line curricula consists of 15 short instructional modules with quizzes.

The predecessor to the Rifle Drills Course is the Handgun Drills course which we encourage everyone to start with. By building on the foundation of the Handgun Drills course you will more quickly learn what works for you should you be afforded the luxury of enough time to retrieve your long gun.

In this Rifle Drills course, we will provide you with the study materials needed to begin mastering stress resistant gun handling techniques for the rifle. This course will introduce you to drills that you should practice at home (dry) and on the range (live).

The drill modules should be completed in order, after which the student can revisit any module at any time to refresh their memory. Students who complete all 15 modules and pass the quizzes will be awarded a certificate that can be posted to their profile page.

INSTRUCTIONS: Watch the video, read the narrative, review the still photos then take the quiz at the bottom. When done move on to the next module indicated at the bottom.

DURATION: 30 Minutes

 

RIFLE DRILLS - 10 UNLOADING Once you have loaded, you will - at some - point want to unload. So let's talk about unloading your rifle.

When we unload when we are in a safe area, so this is an administrative rather than tactical action (although some of these basic movements do play into other tactical gun handling skills). There is additional good news, which is that with the techniques and information you already know, you already have most of the skills required to safely unload.

To start unloading your rifle, again face in a safe direction and bring your rifle first into the ready, then into your personal workspace.

01 Workspace - Bring your rifle into your personal workspace.

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Now take your support side hand and grasp the magazine in order to remove the source of ammunition.

Simultaneously, place your trigger finger on the magazine release button (if you are left handed they do make an ambidexterous magazine release button. Left or right handed, the ambidexterous magazine release is a good idea), so that you may eject the magazine into the awaiting support side hand.

02 Pre-stage - Support hand grabs magazine, firing side trigger finger finds the magazine release button.

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Now depress the magazine release firmly and hold it in until your support hand has extracted the magazine fully.

03 Depress and Pull - Depress the magazine release button, and extract the magazine.

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Place the magazine in any available storage pouch or pocket, a support side pocket will work just fine.

04 Stow - Stow the ejected magazine in a support side pocket (any storage area on your body will do).

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At this time we have the source of ammunition removed from the rifle, BUT we still have a round in the chamber.

To get the round out of the chamber, we are going to keep the rifle pointed in a safe direction with the trigger finger straight and on its tactile reference point, and using the support hand we will come up over the top of the charging handle, palm down (just like in the chamber check) and pinch the charging handle latch.

Simultaneously, we will pre-stage the trigger finger under the B.A.D. and press upwards (just like we did during the chamber check when we wanted to get the charging handle locked to the rear)

05 Pre-stage - Support hand pinches charging handle latch, firing side trigger finger is under the B.A.D. pressing upwards.

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Next, we are going to pull the charging handle to the rear while holding the B.A.D. up in order to lock the bolt to the rear.

Our goal is to lock the bolt to the rear, not to catch the round. We can pick up the round from the ground in a moment, but we emphasis here is on locking the bolt to the rear, not catching the round.

Does this mean that you are expressly forbidden from catching that round? No, but unless it's vital that you do so, I suggest that you keep your gun handling skills similar, and simply lock the bolt to the rear. Remember, unloading is an administrative act, and there should be no tactical reason to unload or not be able to pick up the round after you are finished.

Why is this important? Because unloading in this manner will set you up for success in the remedial action drills where, if you unload in this manner, you will already understand the basic moves.

06 Lock - Now lock the bolt to the rear.

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Maintain the upward pressure on the B.A.D., as you pull the charging handle all the way to the rear, at the point the charging handle stops in it's rear-most position, you can slowly return the charging handle forward.

Return the charging handle forward until you feel the bolt catch doing it's job (you will feel all spring tension leave the charging handle once it is locked in place).

At this point, use your support side thumb to return the charging handle all the way forward, locking it back in its original starting position.

07 Return - Once the bolt is locked, return the charging handle forward and lock it into place.

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Now that the bolt has been locked in place and the charging handle has been returned to its original position and been locked in place, Now rotate the rifle in counter clockwise manner, placing the ejection port upwards, so that you can see inside of it.

Try not to get into the habit of craning your neck over the ejection port to see inside. Instead, lift the rifle exposing the ejection port so that you can see it easily.

08 Rotate and Look Inside - Rotate the rife so you can see into the chamber area to ensure there are no rounds in the chamber.

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Once you can see into the chamber area, you will know if your rifle has a round in the chamber or not, finish this drill by checking the magazine well. To achieve this, simply roll the rifle clockwise back to its starting position in your personal workspace, and insert a couple of fingers into the magazine well.

09 Mag Check - Roll the rifle clockwise back to the starting position in your personal workspace, insert a couple of fingers into the magazine well.

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Now that you know that your rifle is unloaded, safely return the slide forward to its foremost position, and then return to the ready position.

Close your ejection port cover, and the store your rifle.

Next we will cover unloading without the B.A.D.

For those without the B.A.D., the process is as follows:

With your firing side hand, obtain a firm gasp high on the pistol grip, with your trigger finger straight and on it's tactile reference point, and your support side hand on the handguard, present the rifle out briskly, like you intend to fight, to what we call the ready position, keeping the muzzle oriented in a safe direction (your designated safe dry practice area (as outlined in the Dry Practice Guide), and then bring the rifle into your personal work space.

10 Personal Work Space - Pointing in safe direction, trigger finger off the trigger, bring the rifle into your personal work space.

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Now take your support side hand and grasp the magazine in order to remove the source of ammunition.

Simultaneously, place your trigger finger on the magazine release button (if you are left handed they do make an ambidexterous magazine release button. Left or right handed, the ambidexterous magazine release is a good idea), so that you may eject the magazine into the awaiting support side hand.

11 Pre-stage - Support hand grabs magazine, firing side trigger finger finds the magazine release button.

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Now depress the magazine release firmly and hold it in until your support hand has extracted the magazine fully.

12 Depress and Pull - Depress the magazine release button, and extract the magazine.

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Place the magazine in any available storage pouch or pocket, a support side pocket will work just fine.

13 Stow - Stow the ejected magazine in a support side pocket (any storage area on your body will do).

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At this time we have the source of ammunition removed from the rifle, BUT we still have a round in the chamber.

Next, keeping your muzzle pointed in a safe direction, bring the stock under your armpit, so that you will be able to work with the upper receiver with both hands.

You will see from the below photo that the muzzle is elevated slightly. The degree of elevation is not important, what is important though is that your trigger finger is off the trigger, and you are being conscious of where your muzzle is pointing.

14 Stock Under Armpit - Get the stock under your armpit so that you will be able to access the upper receiver.

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Next, break your support hands grip on the handguard, and just like with our chamber check procedure, reach back to the bolt catch on the left side of the rifle just above the back side of the magazine release button. Again, the bolt catch consists of a large flat area above a short arm that has a cotter pin punched through it in order to allow the bolt catch to be levered at your choosing. Now take your support side thumb and press in on the lower thin lever arm (not the fat paddle top) maintaining firm and constant pressure into the receiver.

Now break your firing side hands grasp around the pistol grip, and using your trigger finger and middle finger palm down, rest a finger on each side of the charging handle, depressing the charging handle latch with your trigger finger.

15 Press Bolt Lock - Use your support hand thumb to press bolt catch, and firing side hands trigger finger to depress the charging handle latch.

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Once you have the charging handle latch firmly depressed, pull the charging handle straight back towards the end of the stock until it comes to a complete stop (see inset).

Do not concern yourself with catching the round that will eject, you can pick it up later. Your objective here is to lock the bolt to the rear, not to catch the round.

If you are pressing into the bolt catch as instructed, the bolt will now be in position to lock in place. Ease the bolt forward (let the springs do the work via the charging handle) until you feel the bolt catch.

16 Lock - While pressing on the charging handle latch, pull the charging handle all the way to the rear, lock the bolt in place by holding the bolt catch in firmly.

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Once the bolt is caught (you will feel all the spring tension that is pulling the charging handle forward suddenly stop) use your thumb to return the charging handle all the way forward and locking it in place (inset).

17 Return - Once the bolt is locked, return the charging handle to its foremost position and lock it in place by using your thumb pressing forward.

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Next, re-establish your firing grip, and rotate the rifle in counter clockwise manner, placing the ejection port upwards, so that you can see inside of it.

Try not to get into the habit of craning your neck over the ejection port to see inside. Instead, lift the rifle exposing the ejection port so that you can see it easily.

18 Look Inside - Rotate the rife so you can see into the chamber area to ensure there are no rounds there.

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Once you can see into the chamber area, you will know if your rifle has a round in the chamber or not, yet this doesn't mean that the rifle is unloaded, so the next thing you will want to check is the magazine well. To achieve this, simply roll the rifle clockwise back to its starting position in your personal workspace, and insert a couple of fingers into the magazine well.

19 Mag Check - Roll the rifle clockwise back to the starting position in your personal workspace, insert a couple of fingers into the magazine well.

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Once you know your rifle is unloaded, take the meaty portion of the heal of your support side palm, and firmly strike the larger top portion of the bolt catch.

Once the bolt his home, you can close that ejection port if you choose to do so (if you plan on storing the rifle). If you plan on storing the rifle for an extended period, you can take the rifle off safe, and depress the trigger (while pointing in a safe direction), thereby removing most of the spring tension from the hammer.